My Library - Magazine Articles By Category: Electronics

...RRRduino...

Magazine:
The Marker Lamp Vol 61 #4 2016
Page:
31
Author:
Gert Muller
Description:
Using an Arduino and servos to control a crossing gate with lights.

...RRRduino...

Magazine:
The Marker Lamp Vol 62 #1 2016
Page:
37
Author:
Gert Muller
Description:
How to build and control four servos with one Nano. The next installment will cover how to connect these to JMRI. Includes code and parts lists.

A New Constant Lighting Circuit

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 1991-09
Page:
62
Author:
G.R. Stillwell, Jr.
Description:
The author describes how he designed and built circuits using the LM317T IC chip to build constant lighting for cab number boards, and single and dual headlamps. Includes circuit diagrams and parts list.

A Passion for Sound

Magazine:
N-Scale 2001-09/10
Page:
32
Author:
Clayton Barry
Description:
Placing speakers around the layout to have environmental sounds built-in using Fantasonics' electronics.

A Power Supply For Micro Lamps

Magazine:
N-Scale 2003-03/04
Page:
33
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
Two solutions to powering 1.5 Volt micro lamps. One uses a collection of diodes to reduce the voltage to the lamps (with support for a limited number of lamps), and a full-blown regulator supply that can handle a predetermined number of lamps.

Action Crossing: Lights Flash, Diesel Horn Blows, and Bells Ring

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1977-07
Page:
79
Author:
Peter J. Thorne
Description:
Using a 555 timer IC, the author describes how he built a circuit that does all of those things. Reed switches are used to detect a train's presence near the crossing. Includes parts listings and diagrams.

Adventures in Computer Layout Control

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1996-09
Page:
106
Author:
Keith Thompson
Description:
This article describes the various components needed to control train movement via a computer. It is not a detailed article, but it provides a nice overview, with a listing of addition research material.

An American Flyer Reverse Loop Made Easy!

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 16, Number 2, April 1993
Page:
12
Author:
Bob Furtado
Scale:
S
Description:
This article describes what it takes to make an automated reverse loop for an A.F. layout. Includes a parts list and diagrams.

An EOT for the Front Runner

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1990-02
Page:
78
Author:
David A. Bontrager
Scale:
HO
Description:
The author describes how he built an end-of-train device for his piggyback train. Includes construction photos and electronics schematic.

Applying Modern Electronics Technology to Model Railroading

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1976-12
Page:
108
Author:
Don W. Hansen
Description:
The author explains how to build a 5-volt power supply, which is needed for transistor-based circuits.

Back to Basics: Electric Motor Design

Magazine:
S Gaugian 2003-11/12
Page:
46
Author:
John Baker
Description:
The author describes how the electric motor (AC and DC) works.

Blinking Barricades

Magazine:
N-Scale 2000-07/08
Page:
50
Author:
Bob Kendall
Scale:
N
Description:
This article shows, in great detail, how to construct a scale barricade with a blinking LED. Also includes information about making some changes to the circuit to obtain different results.

Build a Model Railroad Odometer Car

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1994-08
Page:
78
Author:
Robert Paisley
Scale:
HO
Description:
The author describes how he built a gondola and the electronics to measure the distance the car has traveled, which can be used to determine how long the layout's track is.

Build a Power Supply for Command Control Equipment Part 1

Magazine:
O Scale Trains Magazine 23 November 2005
Page:
53
Author:
Ted Byrne
Description:
The first installment describes the 18-volt, 10-amp power supply the author is building. After the introduction, this installment concludes with the parts list.

Build a Working N-scale Crossing Signal

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1989-07
Page:
70
Author:
Ed Schultz & Brian King
Scale:
N
Description:
This article describes the electronics necessary to make a working Bachmann crossing signal, including operating gates.

Build an Authentic Diesel Horn for Your Layout

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1989-02
Page:
106
Author:
Keith Gutierrez
Description:
The kit of all the parts were available (at the time of the article) from CVP Products (the author's company). The article describes how to build this professional-looking, programmable diesel horn.

Build an Easy-to-use Staging Yard Controller

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1999-05
Page:
84
Author:
Mike Dodd
Description:
The author describes how he resolved the issues related to hidden staging yards using a micro-processor controller.

Build the Blinker

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1978-02
Page:
102
Author:
Keith Gutierrez
Description:
This article covers how to build a basic flasher circuit, includes printed circuit board diagram, and several ideas for application.

Build Your Own Signals

Magazine:
Model Railroader 2006-07
Page:
76
Author:
Peter Pemberton
Scale:
HO
Description:
This article shows how, using some commercial parts, the author built the signal's head assembly, mast, electronics, and layout installation.

Build your own Steam Whistle for $45

Magazine:
S Gaugian 1991-03/04
Page:
22
Author:
Scott Griggs
Scale:
S
Description:
The author shares how he built a steam engine whistle to fit in a box car that can be pulled behind a steam engine, thus enabling the sound without having to modify the engine. The whistle comes from a Tyco billboard unit. Includes a photo and a schematic drawing.

Building a Digital Fast Clock

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1978-11
Page:
76
Author:
Keith Gutierrez
Description:
Using a Radio Shack four-digit clock module, the author shows how to build a fast clock (operating about 10 to 12 times faster than a normal clock). Includes schematic diagrams, circuit board designs, final wiring diagrams, and a parts list. The article then covers how to operate using a fast clock.

Building a Hand-held Throttle

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 08, Number 3, Summer 1985
Page:
14
Author:
Kent Singer
Scale:
S
Description:
Diagrams accompany this article about how to build this throttle that has been in use with members of the Central New Jersey S Scalers.

Building a Model Railroad Speedometer

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 1994-09
Page:
69
Author:
Max Magliaro
Description:
The author describes the workings and the construction of the electronic circuit for measuring the speed of an engine. It works by placing a magnet in a car in the train and two reed switches hidden in the scenery to measure the speed.

Building Outdoor Lighting Fixtures

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 37, Number 3, June 2013
Page:
18
Author:
Gerry Evans
Scale:
S
Description:
The author provides a detailed guide for how to add exterior lighting to structures, to liven up the scenes.

Building Searchlight Signals

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1990-07
Page:
87
Author:
James C. Smith
Scale:
HO
Description:
In addition to showing you how to build the structure, the author also describes in detail how to wire the LEDs, and install the signals on the layout.

Coil Saver

Magazine:
N-Scale 2003-07/08
Page:
36
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
Building a circuit that will protect the coil switch machine from being fried by an operator who pushes the button too long. The article includes photos and schematic drawings.

Command Control Comes to the Sunset Valley

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1983-01
Page:
103
Author:
Bruce Chubb
Description:
The author chose CTC-16 and explains why. Includes photos of his installation, and a complete circuit diagram of his reconfigured receiver. Also included are diagrams and parts lists for a power station with pre-regulator and a negative power supply for the command station.

Command Control in S

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 15, Number 1, February 1992
Page:
5
Author:
Bob Jackson
Scale:
S
Description:
This is an in-depth article describing what command control is, which the major systems are on the market at the time of the writing, how these systems works, and how to wire them to your layout.

Components Part IIIa

Magazine:
N-Scale 2003-01/02
Page:
33
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
Covers various switches (toggle, slide, etc.), relays, SCR (also known as triacs), transformers, and optical devices (such photocells, IR LEDs). Includes a diagram for wiring up a DPDT toggle switch which can be used to reverse electricity, and a diagram for controlling relays using transistors.

Computers in Model Railroading

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1988-03
Page:
88
Author:
Bob Fink
Description:
This is the first in a long-running column discussing how computers can be used in model railroading. This article introduces some terminology.

Computers in Model Railroading

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1989-09
Page:
96
Author:
Bob Fink
Description:
This article presents a Basic computer program for printing a scale rule.

Computers in Model Railroading

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1990-03
Page:
124
Author:
Bob Fink
Description:
Creating a fastclock/timetable that runs on the computer. Includes the basic programming language code.

Computers in Model Railroading

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1990-06
Page:
104
Author:
Bob Fink
Description:
A Basic program for calculating plate girder bridge depth ratios.

Computers in Model Railroading

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1991-03
Page:
108
Author:
Bob Fink
Description:
Using the computer to generate traffic switch lists, and creating text of certain fonts to match your scale.

Conquering "Schematicophobia"

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2005-08
Page:
81
Author:
Gerry Leone
Description:
While not fully understanding electronics, you can still build circuits that are found on the Web. This article covers a circuit that reports a train's presence on track via infrared components, and displayed via LED's on a control panel.

Constant-intensity Headlights for DC

Magazine:
Model Railroader 2006-08
Page:
62
Author:
Bob Rivard
Scale:
HO
Description:
Using a few electronic components, the article describes how to install this into a locomotive.

CTC80 Command Control

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1988-03
Page:
84
Author:
Richard C. Kamm
Description:
Keeler Rail Specialties produced this system that uses a home computer to provide throttle control. Though obsolete now, it does provide insight into the history of command control.

DCC Impulses

Magazine:
Model Railroad Hobbyist 2016-10
Page:
20
Author:
Bruce Petrarca
Description:
Pondering about what DCC might be like 5 years from now, the author first looks back as to the state of DCC five years ago, before making his predictions.

DCC Impulses

Magazine:
Model Railroad Hobbyist 2017-02
Page:
19
Author:
Bruce Petrarca
Description:
Using an HO-scale Atlas RS-3, the author describes his methods for how he thinks through a DCC decoder installation.

Digital Displays for Your Railroad

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1976-11
Page:
74
Author:
Keith Gutierrez
Description:
This article describes how to hook up a 7-segment Radio Shack display LED to a rotary switch to show the selected track in the yard (as an example) in the display, which can then be mounted to your control panel.

Easy Block Detection and 2-Color Signals Part 2

Magazine:
Scale Rails 2005-02
Page:
18
Author:
Richard Schumacher
Description:
Design diagrams and assembly instructions for a full-featured block detector that works for both DC and DCC. The article also includes a section on railroad signals and how to mimic them in models. A basic circuit for driving those signals is discussed, as well as a final "putting it all together" section.

Easy Electrical Pickups

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2007-03
Page:
89
Author:
Harold Minkwitz
Scale:
HO
Description:
The author converts a Kadee No. 5 coupler center spring to an electrical pickup for an IHC 4-4-0.

Electrifying N Scale Signals

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1987-04
Page:
94
Author:
David Puthoff
Scale:
N
Description:
This article is about an easy and inexpensive way to make working three-aspect signals in N-scale, but the electronics will work for any scale. Includes diagrams for signal construction, a mast drilling jig, the control circuit, and a typical interlocking installation.

Electronic Workshop

Magazine:
N-Scale 2006-07/08
Page:
52
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
Turnout position indicators. Various solutions to the same problem. Covers stall-motor switch machines. Lots of schematics, and a parts list.

Electronics For Model Railroaders 101 Part III

Magazine:
N-Scale 2002-10/11
Page:
60
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
Description of typical electronics projects components. Standard resistor value chart.

Electronics For Model Railroaders 101 Part IV

Magazine:
N-Scale 2003-05/06
Page:
34
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
Dealing with 110 volt components.

Electronics Symposium

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1995-11
Page:
120
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
This column covers using the HT2014 LED flasher integrated circuit by Holtek, using a hall-effect sensor for turntable indexing, using an LM339 as a photocell detector, and a circuit design for automatically slowing an engine when it reaches the end of a spur.

Electronics Symposium

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1996-08
Page:
108
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
This month's column covers how to make a three-position semaphore control circuit, a how-to on using high-power AC wiring, and how to build a low-voltage power supply.

Electronics Symposium

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1996-11
Page:
130
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
This column covers building turnout-position indicator circuits, and using filter capacitors with low-voltage power supplies.

End-of-train Device

Magazine:
N-Scale 2000-09/10
Page:
38
Author:
Bob Kendall
Scale:
N
Description:
This article shows how to install an end-of-train device in a boxcar. An on/off switch and battery power the LED.

Engine Terminal Wiring

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 10, Number 4, Fall 1987
Page:
12
Author:
Dick Karnes
Scale:
S
Description:
Breaking a storage yard into small blocks allows the controlled movement of just one engine in the yard, without the others moving as well.

Exploring Hall-effect Sensors

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1995-08
Page:
116
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
Using rare-earth magnets in engines and cabooses to trigger a hall-effect sensor to activate circuitry. An example given is an automated crossing gate system.

First Look: MRC Light Genie

Magazine:
Model Railroad Hobbyist 2016-04
Page:
143
Author:
Les Halmos
Description:
The MRC Light Genie is a remote-control light control system, with special lighting effects.

Fred Without Limits

Magazine:
N-Scale 2003-07/08
Page:
28
Author:
Dean Daughenbaugh
Scale:
N
Description:
Installing Richmond Controls' circuits in a materials handling car, a center beam flat car, and a well car.

Fuel- and Water-level Simulators

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1985-05
Page:
100
Author:
Larry Fobes
Description:
The electronic circuit designs shown and described are for simulating a diesel engine's fuel gauge, and a steam engine's tender water gauge and boiler water gauge, with the added sound effects of a boiler explosion! Levels are indicated by an array of LEDs.

Fun with Photocells

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1995-02
Page:
116
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
The author presents several circuit schematics, such as a photocell LED driver, a photocell detector, a hidden fouling point detector, and driving other devices.

Fun with Phototransistors

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1994-08
Page:
102
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
How to use phototransistors in model railroading applications.

Fusees: The Poor Man's Block Signal

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2011-06
Page:
53
Author:
Linn Moedinger
Description:
Using LEDs to simulate fusees to indicate trouble ahead. The author's fusees are tied into his block-system layout.

Getting Started: Tools of the Electrical Trade

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1990-06
Page:
120
Author:
Anthony R. Curtis
Description:
The article discusses the basics of using tools needed for electrical work.

Grade Crossing Flasher Circuit

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1976-12
Page:
111
Author:
Don W. Hansen
Description:
A train approaches a grade crossing and warning flashers turn on. The flashers continue operating until the train is safely past the crossing. You can add this feature to your layout by building this flasher circuit. It requires a 5-volt power supplies, which was covered in the other article of this issue.

Grade-crossing Flasher

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 1979-12
Page:
60
Author:
Doug Leffler
Description:
This article describes how to build a flasher using red LEDs. Scaled diagrams (for N-, HO-, S-, and O-scale) are included, as well as several prototype photos.

Headlights: Tips and Tricks with SMD LEDs

Magazine:
Model Railroad Hobbyist 2016-10
Page:
113
Author:
Bill Beverly
Description:
The author describes a technique he uses to make SMD LEDs look like incandescent light bulbs.

How Fast? How Far?

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2006-09
Page:
76
Author:
Gerry Leone
Description:
This article describes how to build a speedometer/odometer for your model trains. It involves a gondola, a bicycle speedometer, and some metal parts to make this device.

How To Simulate Flickering Fires

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1992-05
Page:
72
Author:
D. Derek Verner
Description:
Provides several ideas to solving the same problem, i.e. creating the illusion of flickering fires, be they in a trash barrel, a burning building, or a machine shop. All the circuits are very simple. They all use the idea of a small transistor radio that drives a lamp of some sorts. The lamps suggested are plain bulbs, LED's, and neon lights.

Installing "Onboard" Command Control in S-scale Locomotives

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 13, Number 3, June 1990
Page:
12
Author:
John H. Long, Jr.
Scale:
S
Description:
The author describes how he was able to install the Onboard system by Keller into an AF PA-1 and a Rex Mogul. Includes diagrams and an installation photo.

Installing an N Scale End-of-train Device

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2005-12
Page:
89
Author:
Terry Pitts
Scale:
N
Description:
Installing a Richmond Controls' EZ-26 kit in a Kato Amtrak MHC.

Installing Onboard Command Control in S Gauge Part III

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 14, Number 4, August 1991
Page:
6
Author:
John Long
Scale:
S
Description:
The author describes how he installed command control into an American Model FP7.

Installing Onboard Command Control in S Scale Part IV, V

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 15, Number 2, April 1992
Page:
10
Author:
John Long
Scale:
S
Description:
The article starts off with a preface by the editor Bob Jackson, correcting a number of mistakes in his previous introductory article on command control in the February 1992 issue. The series continues with a description of install the Onboard system in Omnicon F7 A and B units, and in an American Model GP9.

Kitbash a Fast Clock

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1987-11
Page:
86
Author:
Michael M. Dodd
Description:
This articles describes how to convert an inexpensive quartz clock to a variable-speed fast clock.

Layout Lighting

Magazine:
N-Scale 2002-07/08
Page:
56
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
The author describes how he built a control panel to control the structure lights on his layout.

Layouts Should Be Seen and Heard!

Magazine:
Model Railroader 2006-08
Page:
36
Author:
David Popp
Scale:
N
Description:
This article covers self-contained sound systems, sound-effect CDs, interactive sound modules, under-layout sound decoders,

Level Crossing Bell

Magazine:
N-Scale 2004-03/04
Page:
41
Author:
Bob Kendall
Scale:
N
Description:
Using a conventional door bell as the ringer for grade crossing warning signal.

Lighting Up the Ditches

Magazine:
Model Railroad Hobbyist 2017-02
Page:
88
Author:
Matthew Nitka
Scale:
HO
Description:
The author describes how he retrofitted his engines with 0603 LED ditch lights. Includes a sidebar on how to wire up an LED.

Locomotive Whistles on the Yosemite Valley RR

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1989-07
Page:
68
Author:
Jack Burgess
Description:
Describes how to build an electronic circuit to reproduce a whistle.

Make Your Own PC Board Wiring Terminals

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1988-02
Page:
88
Author:
W. Robert Stobbe
Description:
The article describes the author's solution as an alternative to the rather expensive barrier strips for wiring switch machines. His strips are made from PC boards.

Markers, Drumheads, and Gyralights. Oh My!

Magazine:
YouTube Model Builders eMag 2016-11
Page:
54
Author:
Harry M. Haythorn
Description:
While waiting for his new model railroad building to be completed, he decides to spend his time updating and finishing various projects, including installing marker lights, drumhead lights, and passenger car gyralight.

Miami valley S Gaugers Go 'High Tech'

Magazine:
S Gaugian 2008-03/04
Page:
30
Author:
Mike Lewis
Scale:
S
Description:
The author describes how the club bought and installed a Programmable Logic Controller to run the eight accessories on their 32' x 20' club layout.

Modeling Mercury-vapor Lamps

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2005-09
Page:
87
Author:
Fred Lagno
Description:
Making the blue-white LED's look like these lamps from the 1970s.

Modeling Sound

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2012-12
Page:
69
Author:
Chuck Davis
Description:
Adding sounds in the background using scenic sound modules. Includes a diagram for using the LM555 timer integrated circuit.

More Command Control

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 15, Number 4, August 1992
Page:
6
Authors:
Bob Jackson & John Long
Scale:
S
Description:
Continuing with the series of how command-control can be implemented in S-scale, the authors cover the ability to plug in the controller at various points along the layout and how to wire that with the Keller Engineering Onboard system, and how to wire the layout for the system.

More Lore...

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 16, Number 1, February 1993
Page:
12
Author:
Mike Palmiter
Scale:
S
Description:
The author describes how he takes audio speakers, dresses them up as buildings, and places them around his layout.

More on Realistic Passenger Car Lighting

Magazine:
O Scale Trains Magazine 33 July 2007
Page:
48
Author:
Ted Byrne
Description:
Building a flicker-free electronic circuit to use LEDs to illuminate the passenger car interior.

New Life for an Old Power Pack

Magazine:
N-Scale 2002-03/04
Page:
40
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
Converting the AC output of an old hobby transformer into a quality 12-volt DC power supply with just a handful of parts.

Non-flicker Lighting for Passenger Cars

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2016-12
Page:
64
Authors:
William E. Botkin & Victor Hand
Scale:
HO
Description:
After setting up the requirements for their lighting system, the author set out to design, build, and test the components. The result is a design can be adjusted for each individual passenger car, is economical, and is truly flicker-free. Includes a parts list, and how to wire up a passenger car truck for electrical pick-up.

Operating American Flyer On Direct Current

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 15, Number 4, August 1992
Page:
10
Author:
Bill Krause
Scale:
S
Description:
The author describes that A.C. Gilbert A.F. locomotives can run on DC track power just fine, and that using walk-around throttles is a good alternative to increasing the power of your power pack.

Panel Lettering for a Throttle

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 1994-01
Page:
105
Author:
Rex Beistle
Description:
This article describes how the author used a computer to layout the lettering for the throttle, and then covered it with protective covering sheet.

PC-board Light Circuits

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1985-02
Page:
114
Author:
Wendell Greer
Description:
The author explains how he uses PC circuit boards to route power to any number of structure and street lights in his city scenes.

Preparing Structures for Interior Lighting

Magazine:
N-Scale 2002-11/12
Page:
53
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
Methods of lamps, installation, and leak detection.

Quiet Action Caboose

Magazine:
S Gaugian 2008-05/06
Page:
38
Author:
Rob Kolb
Scale:
S
Description:
The author describes how he converted his Lionel American Flyer Action Caboose to DC to reduce the noise of the AC motor.

Realistic Control for Grade Crossing Flashers

Magazine:
N-Scale 2006-01/02
Page:
59
Author:
Michael Yakubovsky
Scale:
N
Description:
A complete description of an electronic circuit you can build to drive grade-crossing LEDs, triggered by a block occupancy detector.

Resistance Wheelsets

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2005-07
Page:
88
Author:
Fred Lagno
Scale:
HO
Description:
This article covers how to add resistance wheelsets so that freight cars' presence can be detected by electronic circuits.

RFID Overview

Magazine:
N Scale Railroading 2005-11/12
Page:
30
Author:
Dan Delany
Description:
Using RFID technology to track cars on your layout.

S Gauge One Evening Project

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 33, Number 2, April 2009
Page:
30
Author:
Herb King
Scale:
S
Description:
This half-page drawing-with-notes shows how to add a mars light to a passenger car.

S Lore

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 16, Number 5, October 1993
Page:
20
Author:
Monte Heppe
Scale:
S
Description:
The author shares his method for automatic control for American Flyer reverse loops.

Scale Model Animation: Adding Life to a Layout

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2014-05
Page:
73
Author:
Dr. Geoff Bunza
Description:
After introducing the concept of telling a story through realistic animation, the author describes how to build a mechanical timing and sequencing system for turning on lights in a building. He also introduces using a programmable sequencer board, how to model the animation involved with a grade crossing, and using DCC sound decoders outside of locomotives. There is a sidebar on the Arduino, and several programming scripts that can be used for programming the Arduino. Example projects included are an animated M.O.W. crane, an animate figure next to an airplane, and a conductor moving up and down a passenger car.

Semaphore Animation

Magazine:
N-Scale 2000-09/10
Page:
64
Author:
Damian Kostron
Description:
Using a Basic Stamp and a RC servo to intelligently control a semaphore. Includes parts list, hook-up photos, and a Pbasic program needed to control one semaphore.

Short & Easy

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 11, Number 4, October 1988
Page:
30
Author:
Kent Singer
Scale:
S
Description:
The author describes his light-duty home-made resistance soldering tool.

Sound Advice

Magazine:
Model Railroader 2005-02
Page:
58
Author:
Terry Thompson
Scale:
HO
Description:
The author examines how manufacturers tackle the difficult issue of sound reproduction inside our small locomotives. Covers both steam and diesel engines. Includes a sidebar on the history of sound in model railroading.

Sound and Motion

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 2006-08
Page:
66
Author:
Bob Walker
Description:
The author discusses some ideas for adding sound and animation to the scenery, and how not to overdo it.

Sound Decoder Install in a Brass Locomotive

Magazine:
S Scale Resource 2017-02/03
Page:
37
Author:
Dan Dawdy
Scale:
S
Description:
The author shares his experience installing a SoundTraxx Tsunami2 TSU-2200 DCC decoder in a River Raisin Models NKP S-2 Berkshire. Includes many close-up photos. The JMRI settings are also shown. (related web page)

Sound for the Bachmann HO Climax

Magazine:
Model Railroading 2006-01
Page:
32
Author:
Ray Kilcoyne
Scale:
HO
Description:
The author installed the SoundTraxx DSD-090LC Light Steam decoder into this locomotive's tender shell. Modifications were necessary. Also includes the parts list and how to program the decoder.

Structure Lighting

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1987-12
Page:
157
Author:
W. Robert Stobbe
Description:
Using cheap Christmas tree decoration lights to create interior lighting for structures. The article covers how to deal with the fragile light bulb wires

SWAC/2 Part 1

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 1977-08
Page:
64
Author:
Don Fiehmann
Description:
This article covers the design and construction of walk-around throttles. The design centers around the fact that only two or three wires are needed to connect to the layout, which means standard headphone plugs and wires can be used. Article includes the schematic, construction photos, printed circuit board layout, and parts list.

Symposium of Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1983-03
Page:
105
Author:
Larry G. Fillman
Description:
Crossing flasher and bell ringer circuit.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1981-03
Page:
106
Author:
Don W. Hansen
Description:
This installment has two circuits. The first is a simple chase light circuit, such as might be used for marques. The second is a signaling circuit that detects train movement across two reed switches to control things such as crossing flashers, signals, block-in-use signals, etc.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1983-01
Page:
116
Author:
Don W. Hansen
Description:
Correction of the Jan. 1982 light-actuated action crossing circuit, and the Mar. 1982 pulse add-on throttle. New topics include: diesel sound generator, and onboard steam sound.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1985-11
Page:
114
Author:
Don W. Hansen
Description:
The electronic schematic of an automatic switching circuit is covered. The idea is that an engine can be moved automatically from a point A to a point B, back again, and, with the turnout automatically flipped, on to point C and back to A. This might be good for an automatic Doodlebug passenger service on a layout.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1986-02
Page:
104
Author:
Don W. Hansen
Description:
This installment covers the design of an infrared photo railroad crossing detector circuit.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1987-11
Page:
135
Author:
Don W. Hansen
Description:
This article describes how to build a digital throttle. It is a very large project.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1988-02
Page:
118
Author:
Don W. Hansen
Description:
This installment covers an infrared led/photo transistor automatic train control circuit to allow a train to move back and forth without operator intervention.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1989-02
Page:
150
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
This installment covers a reverse polarity detector, which can be used to indicate reverse polarity situations in a blocked layout, or to drive scale signals.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1989-08
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
This month's column covers correcting errors in the February's issues' reverse polarity detector, and the traffic light controller circuit.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1990-02
Page:
116
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
Includes 12-volt lamp driver circuit, a 12-volt traffic light interface, a night flasher, audio amplifier and noise generator, a pseudo-random-sequence generator, and an oscillator circuit.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1990-05
Page:
102
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
This installment covers building repeater relays for throwing many points in complex tracks like double crossovers with one switch, creating a Mars light flasher, using the random-sequence generator from the February issue of this magazine to drive circuits for a telegraph sound module, a realistic flickering fire module, diesel sound, creating random on/off lights for residential homes, and traffic light synchronization.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1991-08
Page:
112
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
Using RS-232 connectors to connect wiring between modules. Also discussed is the 555 integrated-circuit and how to use it to build a mechanical refrigerator car sound, a voltage divider, and a reed-switch turn-off delay.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1991-11
Page:
136
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
This column covers the 741 op-amp. Included design diagrams include both the inverting and non-inverting amp, a follower amp, a summing amp, a difference amp, a decoupling amp, a tone generator, and a tone adder. The last two can be used to simulate diesel engine horns, which are usually the combination of a couple of individual notes.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1992-02
Page:
108
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
This column covers the LM386 and LM383 audio amplifiers, and the LM317 and LM337 voltage regulators. Also included is a "laboratory" power supply.

Symposium on Electronics

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1992-05
Page:
100
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
This month's column covers "snubber diode" (to prevent electronics from being damaged by the switching of a relay), and full discussion of the now-extinct LM3909 integrated-circuit chip that made building LED flasher trivial. There is also a full discussion of how Transistor-Transistor Logic works (TTL). IC codes are explained as well.

The C/MRI: A Computer/Model Railroad Interface Part 10

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1985-12
Page:
114
Author:
Bruce Chubb
Description:
This installment covers the computer cab control software. The BASIC program design is discussed and the source code to listed in the article.

The C/MRI: A Computer/Model Railroad Interface Part 8

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1985-10
Page:
66
Author:
Bruce Chubb
Description:
This installment covers the hardware of the cab control. It includes digital and analog cab-assignment panels.

The C/MRI: A Computer/Model Railroad Interface Part 9

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1985-11
Page:
98
Author:
Bruce Chubb
Description:
This installment covers computer cab control, layout wiring, and I/O connections. It includes electronic schematics for 15VDC power supply.

The CTC-16e: The Next Generation of Command Control Part 1

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1984-04
Page:
85
Author:
Keith Gutierrez
Description:
This installment starts the series that discusses how to build a 16-channel command control system. It talks about what command control is, how it works from a high-level point of view, what "CTC-16e" means, discusses the throttles, command power station, and auxiliary power stations. The article continues by discussing misconceptions about command control, the locomotive-installed receivers, sound, and building your own system. The article concludes with how to select a multi-meter and how to solder PC boards.

The Electronics Workshop

Magazine:
N-Scale 2006-05/06
Page:
23
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
When building a large number of identical electronic components, taking the time to build a tester is worth it. The author needed 44 capacitor-discharge controllers for his yard's turnouts, so he built this tester. Includes diagrams and parts list.

The Electronics Workshop Part 11

Magazine:
N-Scale 2005-11/12
Page:
25
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
This installment covers how to do troubleshooting.

The Roundhouse

Magazine:
S Gaugian 2001-09/10
Page:
18
Author:
Tom Jarcho
Scale:
S
Description:
The author covers using Track Trips to control automation of trains, and how to deal with AF switches overheating due to repeated use.

The Roundhouse

Magazine:
S Gaugian 2003-03/04
Page:
40
Author:
Tom Jarcho
Scale:
S
Description:
This article covers the American Flyer #695 reverse loop relay, which is an accessory device that Gilbert produced to make reverse loops easier with Flyer's two-rail AC system. Includes many hook-up diagrams.

The Roundhouse

Magazine:
S Gaugian 2003-05/06
Page:
40
Author:
Tom Jarcho
Scale:
S
Description:
This is the first part of two where the author will discuss the A.C. Gilbert AF turret transformer design.

The Roundhouse

Magazine:
S Gaugian 2003-07/08
Page:
41
Author:
Tom Jarcho
Scale:
S
Description:
The author continues the discussion of the A.F. Turret transformers. Includes an exploded-view diagram of the 18B and 30B transformers, as well as an electrical wiring diagram of the internals.

The Roundhouse

Magazine:
S Gaugian 2003-09/10
Page:
40
Author:
Tom Jarcho
Scale:
S
Description:
This column covers the A.C. Gilbert circuit breakers, and includes wiring diagrams.

The Roundhouse

Magazine:
S Gaugian 2013-07/08
Page:
24
Author:
Bill Clark
Scale:
S
Description:
The author installs a FRED in an AF gondola.

The SDX-1, a Diesel Sound System You Can Build Part 2

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1991-03
Page:
126
Author:
Keith Gutierrez
Description:
This installment covers installing the components on the circuit board, a side bar on how to solder components correctly, and how to test the box.

Three-Aspect Signal Driver

Magazine:
N-Scale 2005-11/12
Page:
63
Author:
Michael Yakubovsky
Description:
This article shows the design diagram and printed circuit board for making Automatic Block Signaling and Absolute-Permissive Block Signaling. Includes parts list and installation diagrams. Shows wiring for three- and two-aspect color light signal wiring, PRR and B&O position light signal wiring.

Track Tester

Magazine:
N-Scale 2005-07/08
Page:
22
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
A simple device that verifies track power, polarity, and whether or not there's a short. One light will light up indicating that the rail directly under it is the positive rail. Disconnecting power to the track, and flipping a switch on the device will allow it to test against a short. Another light will light up in the case of a short. Parts list and diagrams are included.

Turnout Position Indicator

Magazine:
N-Scale 2003-11/12
Page:
50
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
Various ways to display the current position of a turnout.

Turnout Testers

Magazine:
N-Scale 2005-09/10
Page:
22
Author:
Bob Kendall
Description:
The author describes how he built several testers for testing solenoid-operated turnouts. One is a switch machine tester, and the other is a turnout continuity tester. Schematics and parts lists are included.

Using Sound Chips on Your Layout

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1995-05
Page:
118
Author:
John S. Atkinson
Description:
Describes how to use the Radio Shack 276-1325 ISD1000A voice record-and-playback integrated circuit.

Using Your Computer to Select Layout Grades

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1994-12
Page:
134
Author:
Bob Fink
Description:
This month's installment has a QBASIC programming listing for calculating how grades affect train performance. The article concludes with a review of new software programs useful to the model railroader.

Versatile Throttle-to-cab Connection Panel

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 1977-07
Page:
61
Author:
Don Ransom
Description:
Building a patch board for connecting throttles to cabs.

White LED Headlights - a Brighter Idea

Magazine:
Model Railroader 2000-04
Page:
82
Author:
Richard E. Napper
Description:
White LED's, driver circuit, and installation guide.

Wireless Cab Control for the Great Southern

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1990-01
Page:
92
Author:
Lorell Joiner, Rudy Tietze, Paul Zucchino
Description:
This is a thorough discussion of using TV remote control infrared technology to control movement of locomotives.

Wiring Tips

Magazine:
N-Scale 2000-05/06
Page:
35
Author:
Pete Kruimer
Description:
Covers block wiring, how to go about wiring a layout, sidings, wiring turnouts, wiring for DCC, and wiring accessories.

Working Ditch Lights for Modern Diesels

Magazine:
Model Railroader 1992-05
Page:
108
Author:
Patrick Lawson
Scale:
HO
Description:
Using fiber optics to install ditch lights in an SD40-2 model.

Yard Wiring

Magazine:
NASG Dispatch Volume 10, Number 2, Spring 1987
Page:
11
Author:
Dick Karnes
Scale:
S
Description:
This article covers how to wire your layout's single-ended or double-ended yard, including an automatic stopping section. Several diagrams are included to clarify the text.

You've Never Heard it So Good Part 1

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 1991-10
Page:
89
Author:
Dick Roberts
Description:
In this article the author describes how to build a scenic sound system. It includes a parts list, and many diagrams.

You've Never Heard It So Good Part II

Magazine:
Railroad Model Craftsman 1991-11
Page:
94
Author:
Dick Roberts
Description:
This installment continues with the discussion of the main integrated circuit chip by dividing it up into separate segments. It also briefly describes how the circuit can be used in a layout or on board an engine.